Bibliography: One Hundred Years Of Jim Crow

Allen, James, John Lewis, Leon F. Litwack, and Hilton Als. Without Sanctuary: Lynching Photography in America. Santa Fe, NM: Twin Palms Publishers, 2000.

Alexander, Michelle. The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. New York: New York Press, 2010.

Armstrong, William H. Sounder. New York, NY: HarperCollins Children's Books, 1969.

Barnes, Harper. Never Been a Time: The 1917 Race Riot That Sparked the Civil Rights Movement. New York: Walker Publishing Company, 2008.

Blackmon, Douglas. Slavery By Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II. New York: Anchor Books, 2008.

Branan, Karen. The Family Tree: A Lynching in Georgia, a Legacy of Secrets, and My Search for the Truth. Atria Books, 2016.

Brundage, W. Fitzhugh, ed. Where These Memories Grow: History, Memory, and Southern Identity. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2000.

Cameron, James. A Time of Terror: A Survivor's Story. 3rd ed. LifeWrites Press, 2016. (Purchase of this book supports ABHM. It is available on Amazon here, at Barnes and Noble here and at Milwaukee's Boswell Book Company)

Carr, Cynthia. Our Town: A Heartland Lynching, a Haunted Town, and the Hidden History of White America. New York: Random House, Inc, 2006.

Cha-Jua, Sundiata Keita. America's First Black Town: Brooklyn, Illinois 1830-1915. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2000.

Curtin, Mary Ellen. Black Prisoners and their World: Alabama, 1865-1900. Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 2000.

Davis, Angela Y. Are Prisons Obsolete?. New York: Seven Stories Press, 2003.

Dray, Phillip. At the Hands of Persons Unknown: The Lynching of Black America. New York: The Modern Library, 2002.

Equal Justice Initiative, Report Summary: Lynching in America: Confronting the Legacy of Racial Terror, 2015.EJI Lynching in America SUMMARY

Fedo, Michael. The Lynchings in Duluth. St. Paul, MN: The Minnesota Historical Society Press, 2000.

Foner, Eric. Forever Free: The Story of Emancipation and Reconstruction. New York: Vintage, 2006.

Frost, Linda, ed. Conjoined Twins in Black and White: The Lives of Millie-Christine McKoy & Daisy and Violet Hilton. Madison, WI: The University of Wisconsin Press, 2009.

Gaines, Ernest J. A lesson Before Dying. New York, NY: Vintage Books, 1993.

Gilmore, Glenda Elizabeth. Gender and Jim Crow: Women and the Politics of White Supremacy in North Carolina, 1896-1920. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 1996.

Ginzburg, Ralph. 100 Years of Lynching. Baltimore, MD: Black Classic Press, 1996.

Goldsby, Jacqueline. A Spectacular Secret: Lynching in American Life and Literature. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006.

Goodman, James. Stories of Scottsboro. New York: First Vintage Books, 1995.

Gregory, James. The Southern Diaspora: How the Great Migrations of Black and White Southerners Transformed America. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 2007.

Hale, Grace Elizabeth. Making Whiteness: The Culture of Segregation in the South, 1890-1940. New York: Vintage Books, 1999.

Harris, Trudier. Exorcising Blackness: Historical and Literary Lynching and Burning Rituals. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1984.

Hartman, Saidiya V. Scenes of Subjection: Terror, Slavery, and Self-Making in Nineteenth-Century America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Hodes, Martha. White Women, Black Men: Illicit Sex in the Nineteenth-Century South. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1999.

Howard, John R. The Shifting Wind: The Supreme Court and Civil Rights from Reconstruction to Brown. New York: SUNY Press, 1999.

Ifill, Sherrilyn A. On the Courthouse Lawn: Confronting the Legacy of Lynching in the Twenty-First Century. Boston: Beacon Press, 2007.

Jaspin, Elliot. Buried in the Bitter Waters: The Hidden History of Racial Cleansing in America. New York, NY: Basic Books, 2007.

Jones, Sabrina, and Marc Mauer. Race to Incarcerate: A Graphic Retelling. New York, NY: New York Press, 2013.

Keith, LeeAnna. Colfax Massacre: The Untold Story of Black Power, White Terror, and the Death of Reconstruction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Lane, Charles. The Day Freedom Died: The Colfax Massacre, the Supreme Court, and the Betrayal of Reconstruction. New York: Henry Holt & Co., 2008.

Lichtenstein, Alex. Twice the Work of Free Labor: The Political Economy of Convict Labor in the New South. New York: Verso, 1996.

Litwack, Leon F. Trouble in Mind: Black Southerners In The Age of Jim Crow. New York: Vintage Books, 1998.

Loewen, James W. Sundown Towns: A Hidden Dimension of American Racism. New York: The New Press, 2005.

Madison, James. A Lynching in the Heartland: Race and Memory in America. New York: Pelgrave Macmillan, 2001.

Margolick, David. Strange Fruit: The Biography of a Song. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 2001.

Markovitz, Jonathan. Legacies of Lynching: Racial Violence and Memory. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2004.

Michel, Joel. La Lynchage Aux Etats-Unis. Paris, France: La Table Ronde, 2008.

Muhammad, Khalil Gibran. The Condemnation of Blackness: Race, Crime, and the Making of Modern Urban America. United States of America: First Harvard University Press, 2010.

Oshinsky, David. Worse Than Slavery: Parchman Farm and the Ordeal of Jim Crow Justice. New York: Free Press, 1997.

Pfeifer, Michael J. Rough Justice: Lynching and American Society. Chicago: The University of Illinois Press, 2004.

Raper, Arthur F. The Tragedy of Lynching. New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 2003.

Rice, Anne P., ed. Witnessing Lynching: American Writers Respond. Rutgers, NJ: University of Rutgers Press, 2003.

Rosen, Hannah. Terror in the Heart of Freedom. Citizenship, Sexual Violence, and the Meaning of Race in the Postemancipation South. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2009.

Royster, Jacqueline Jones, ed. Southern Horrors and Other Writings; The Anti-Lynching Campaign of Ida B. Wells, 1892-1900. Columbus, OH: Bedford/St. Martin's, 1996.

Smith, Shawn Michelle and Dora Apel. Lynching Photographs. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2007.

Steelwater, Eliza. The Hangman's Knot: Lynching, Legal Execution, and America's Struggle with the Death Penalty. Cambridge, MA: Westview Press, 2003.

Stowers, Irma. The Lilly Hill Story: Where Blacks Were Brutally Beaten and Hung in Mississippi., 2007.

Tolnay, Stewart E. and E. M. Beck. A Festival of Violence: An Analysis of Southern Lynchings, 1882-1930. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1995.

Waldrep, Christopher. African Americans Confront Lynching: Strategies of Resistance from the Civil War to the Civil Rights Era. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2009.

Waldrep, Christopher. Lynching in America. New York: New York University Press, 2006.

Waldrep, Christopher. The Many Faces of Judge Lynch: Extralegal Violence and Punishment in America. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.

Washington, Harriet A. Medical Apartheid: The Dark History of Medical Experimentation on Black Americans from Colonial Times to the Present. New York: The Doubleday Broadway Publishing Group, 2006.

Wells-Barnett, Ida B. The Red Record. Echo Library, 2006.

Wexler, Laura. Fire in a Canebrake: The Last Mass Lynching in America. New York: Scribner, 2003.

White, Walter (Introduction by Kenneth Robert Janken). Rope and Faggot. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 2001.

Wilkerson, Isabel. The Warmth of Other Suns: The Epic Story of America's Great Migration. New York: Vintage Books, 2010.

Wood, Amy Louise. Lynching and Spectacle: Witnessing Racial Violence in America, 1890-1940. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 2009.

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