Hormonal Breast Cancer Therapy May Work Differently, Depending on Patient’s Race
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By Cara Murez HealthDay Reporter, HealthDay
For women with breast cancer, their race may help predict the success of hormone therapy given before surgery.
In a new study, researchers found that Black women treated with hormone therapy before cancer surgery (so-called “neoadjuvant endocrine therapy”) may be more likely to benefit from that treatment than white women are if they’re treated at an earlier stage. But they may be less likely to benefit than white women if treated at a later stage of disease.
“Our findings suggest that neoadjuvant endocrine therapy alone may not be the best approach in Black women who present with more advanced tumors,” said Dr. Veronica Jones, an assistant professor in the division of breast surgery at City of Hope in Duarte, Calif.
The research is being presented this week at the American Association for Cancer Research conference, in Philadelphia.
Breast cancers that produce estrogen and progesterone hormone receptors on cancer cells are typically treated with hormone therapy. That treatment can be done before surgery or after surgery. (Before surgery, it’s called neoadjuvant therapy.)
These types of cancer comprise about 70% of all breast cancer cases.
Nearly all patients with hormone receptor (HR)-positive breast cancer, regardless of race, are treated with hormone therapy. Yet Black women are four times more likely to die of HR-positive breast cancer than white women, Jones said in an association news release.
Black patients have struggled to get equal care, and Black women especially are not given the same options for breast cancer treatment, which has led some to wonder why Black women die from cancer.
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